Toy Fox Terrier
Toy Fox Terrier
The toy fox terrier is a little bit of everything bundled together: intelligent, watchful, athletic, inquisitive and fond of cuddling. It has the playfulness of a toy breed and the tenacity of a terrier.
The toy fox terrier is an ideal companion for those who have the time to spend nurturing a lifetime bond.
While bred in America, the toy fox terrier can trace its ancestral roots to England’s “scrappy” smooth fox terrier, a favorite of farmers who needed help catching rodents.
During the early 1930s, the smooth fox terrier was crossed with miniature pinschers, Italian greyhounds, Chihuahuas and Manchester terriers to produce the toy fox terrier, also known as the American toy terrier or “Amertoy.”
The smaller breed was embraced by pet owners who were looking for a household companion more so than a farm dog.
Friendly, intelligent and alert, the toy fox terrier is both an exuberant playmate and an affectionate lap dog all rolled into one. While it may be small in stature, this at-times territorial dog breed is also an observant watchdog. Many toy fox terriers are leery of strangers, which is a good thing if you’re cautious of stranger-danger, or a concerning issue if your dog doesn’t warm up to guests in your home.
Known to be very good with other pets — including cats, with whom they may want to snuggle —and older children, the toy fox terrier makes an ideal family companion with a healthy level of energy.
Due in part to its high intelligence, the toy fox terrier is also known to respond well to training, which can be helpful should you discover yours has a stubborn streak. Like many other small dog breeds, the toy fox terrier can also be vocally opinionated. If you’re interested in adopting a toy fox terrier, make sure you can spend a good amount of time with him as this breed is very people oriented and will not thrive if left home alone for long periods of time.
One of the most distinguishable characteristics about the toy fox terrier’s appearance is its ears. Large, symmetrical V-shaped ears stand upright atop the dog’s petite head featuring large eyes.
The breed is also known for its short, glossy, predominantly-white coat. The toy fox terrier’s coat can be one of four varieties: white, black and tan (“tri-color”); white, chocolate and tan (“chocolate”); white and black; or white and tan.
Toy fox terriers are born with a long, shiny tail which is often clipped within the first week post-birth by breeders.
Toy fox terriers weigh, on average, between four and nine pounds.
While these may be common medical conditions, your toy fox terrier will not necessarily develop any of those listed below.
- Allergies generally express themselves in hair loss, intense itching and infected ears, the skin between the toes of the feet might well be swollen and red. Food allergies commonly manifest with ear infections or gastrointestinal symptoms. Allergies are caused by an over-reaction of the immune system to allergens. Allergens are ordinary substances present in the environment or food that are perceived by the immune system to be dangerous to your pet. Allergens that are inhaled, come in contact with the skin or ingested by sensitized pets are capable of causing allergies. Inhalant allergies are generally worse in the summer and fall when pollen, molds and seeds are abundant. As with people, it is possible to get allergy shots for dogs which might help to alleviate some of the symptoms.
- Hypothyroidism occurs when not enough thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland. Toy fox terriers can carry genetic carriers of congenital hypothyroidism with Goiter. A DNA test can identify carriers of this disorder of the thyroid gland. Dogs that test positive for CHG should not be bred.
- Legg–Calve-Perthes disease is a disorder of the hip joint of small breeds characterized by deformity of the ball that makes up the ball and socket joint of the hip. The disease is typically seen in dogs less than one year of age and is characterized by acute pain and lameness of the rear leg. It will cause severe arthritis of the hip if not treated. Surgical treatment involves removal of the deformed femoral head (ball) of the hip joint. Prognosis is good with rehabilitation therapy after surgery.
- Lens luxation occurs when structures that hold the ocular lens in position weaken or break, causing the lens to dislocate. This condition is more commonly diagnosed in terrier breeds. It is therefore important to watch for any signs of discomfort or change in appearance of your toy fox terrier’s eye and call your veterinarian immediately if you see any changes. Surgical removal of the lens is the only effective treatment to alleviate pain and restore vision.
- Luxating patella is caused by anatomical defects of the bones that make up the knee joint. It is manifested by the kneecap (patella) slipping in and out of its normal location in the knee. Mildly affected dogs may carry the leg for 2 or 3 steps while walking. Severely affected dogs may become severely lame and refuse to use their rear legs. Surgical correction of this condition is very rewarding.
- Von Willebrand’s disease is a genetic bleeding disorder seen in many breeds of dogs. This disorder is fairly uncommon in toy fox terriers but those affected pets can have life threatening bleeding episodes from injuries or surgical procedures. A blood test can identify pets that have von Willebrand’s disorder. Carriers should not be bred.